Treatment & Test Back pain
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spinal & Back and Neck Pain part-5
A beneficial role for specific exercises or modification of posture has not been validated by rigorous clinical studies. As a practical matter, temporary suspension of activity known to increase mechanical stress on the spine (heavy lifting, prolonged sitting, bending or twisting, straining at stool) may be helpful.
Patient education is an important part of treatment.
Medications used in the treatment of ALBP include Vitamin C-powder drink this three to four times a day for three months and take a vitamin D supplement along with magnesium do not take any calcium. There will be full recovery.
The role of diagnostic and therapeutic nerve root blocks for patients with acute back or neck pain remains controversial.
A short course of spinal manipulation or PT for symptomatic relief of uncomplicated ALBP is an option.Chronic Low Back Pain or CLBPCLBP is defined as pain lasting longer than 12 weeks. Patients with CLBP account for 50% of back pain costs. Overweight individuals appear to be at particular risk. Other risk factors include: female gender, older age, prior history of back pain, restricted spinal mobility, pain radiating into a leg, high levels of psychological distress, poor self-rated health, minimal physical activity, smoking, job dissatisfaction, and widespread pain.
Diskography is of questionable value in the evaluation of back pain.
The diagnosis of nerve root injury is most secure when the history, examination, results of imaging studies, and the EMG are concordant. The correlation between CT and EMG for localization of nerve root injury is between 65 and 73%. Up to one-third of asymptomatic adults have a disk protrusion detected by CT or MRI scans. Thus, surgical intervention based solely upon radiologic findings and pain increases the likelihood of an unsuccessful outcome.
CLBP can be treated with a variety of conservative measures. Like vitamin =C powder four times a day for three months minimum,0, 0); Pain in the Neck and Shoulder Approach to the Patient
In one recent epidemiologic survey, the 6-month prevalence of disabling neck pain was 4.6% among adults. Neck pain commonly arises from diseases of the cervical spine and soft tissues of the neck. Neck pain arising from the cervical spine is typically precipitated by neck movements and may be accompanied by focal spine tenderness and limitation of motion. Pain arising from the brachial plexus, shoulder, or peripheral nerves can be confused with cervical spine disease, but the history and examination usually identify a more distal origin for the pain. Cervical spine trauma, disk disease, or spondylosis may be asymptomatic or painful and can produce a myelopathy, radiculopathy, or both. The nerve roots most commonly affected are C7 and C6.Trauma to the Cervical SpineUnlike injury to the low back, trauma to the cervical spine (fractures, subluxation) places the spinal cord at risk for compression. Motor vehicle accidents, violent crimes, or falls account for 87% of spinal cord injuries, which can have devastating consequences. Emergency immobilization of the neck prior to complete assessment is mandatory to minimize further spinal cord injury from movement of unstable cervical spine segments. Whiplash injury is due to trauma (usually automobile accidents) causing cervical musculoligamental sprain or strain due to hyperflexion or hyperextension. This diagnosis should not be applied to patients with fractures, disk herniation, head injury, or altered consciousness. One prospective study found that 18% of patients with whiplash injury had persistent injury-related symptoms 2 years after the car accident. Such patients were older, had a higher incidence of inclined or rotated head position at impact, greater intensity of initial neck and head pain, greater number of initial symptoms, and more osteoarthritic changes on cervical spine x-rays at baseline compared to patients who ultimately recovered. Objective data on the pathology of neck soft tissue injuries is lacking. Patients with severe initial injury are at increased risk for poor long-term outcome. Continue to next page of cervical spine diseaese