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MEANING , Benefits in Reciting Sura Fathia

وَاللَّـهُ يَرْزُقُ مَن يَشَاءُ بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ

Allah will give you great sustenance.

Sura-1 meaning

1:2 O Allah, You are the most Compassionate . You bestowed upon us countless blessings without us doing any effort to get them {7:57, 25:48, 27:63, 28:73, 30:46, 42:28}], the most Beneficent Who reward's graciously to those who live according to Your Prescribed Way of Life {7:156, 9:99, 12:56, 21:75, 21:86, 29:23, 45:30, 57:28}].

مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ

1:3 You are the Supreme Ruler[4] of the Day[5] of Complete Submission[6] [to Your Sovereignty, when no one will be subservient to another and all matters will be decided in accordance with Your Prescribed Laws {9:33, 82:17-19}]; the Absolute Master {17:111} [Who possess the right over everything and Has power to direct and control them according to Your Self-defined Laws] of the day of Judgement {26:82, 37:20-21} and Recompense {51:12-13, 56:56}[when none whosoever will have power to do anything for anyone and all the affairs will take place according to Your Sole Command {82:17-19}].

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

1:4 Realizing these facts, we affirm that We serve[7], You alone by obeying Your Commands and doing only what is in accordance with Your Commands and we entreat You alone to help[8] us [in this commitment of ours] [We realize that You are the One Whose help should be sought {12:18, 21:112} with patient preservation and earnest supplication {2:153, 2:45, 7:128}].

اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

1:5 Guide[9] us, and cause us to take and keep following the right path[10] that is direct, straight, undeviating, even and balanced[11] {3:51, 6:153, 15:40-41, 19:36, 36:61, 43:64} , and will surely take us to the destination [that You have ordained for us].

صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ

1:6 The path of those upon whom You bestowed blissful benefits[12] [as a result of their obedience to Your Commands] {2:47, 31:20},

غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلا الضَّالِّينَ

1:7 Not of those who earned indignation, humiliation and misery [as a consequence of rejecting Your Commands] {2:61, 7:152, 8:53}, nor of those who erred, deviated from the straight path or lost the right way {37:69-71, 45:23} {29:69, 61:5}.

[1] The root of the word Rahmaan and Rahmeem is Ray-Hay-Meem. Rahma  means the womb i.e. the receptacle of the young in the belly where it is provided with the means of subsistence with tenderness and security, without it doing any endeavour. Rahmah or RAHMAT has the following meanings: Mercy;Compassion;  Pardon; Forgiveness; Favour; Sustenance; Means of subsistence or of goods, conveniences, or comforts of life.

From the study of the Quran, one can distinguish two different types of Rahmah: Gratuitous and Earned. Gratuitous Rahmah is the one that Allah has bestowed and bestows upon human beings without regard to their endeavours and deeds. The creation of the sun, the moon, the water, the air, and the earth and the sources of sustenance in it are examples of this kind of Rahmah. The verses of the Quran which refer to this type of Rahmah include: 7:57, 25:48, 27:63, 28:73, 30:46, 42:28. Earned Rahmah is the one that Allah bestows upon human beings with regard to their endeavours and deeds. A paradisiacal life in this world and in the hereafter is an example of Earned Rahmah, i.e. which is earned through effort and righteous deeds. The verses of the Quran which refer to this type of Rahmah include: 7:156, 9:99, 12:56, 21:75, 21:86, 29:23, 45:30, 57:28.

Rahmaan and Rahmeem are two different attributes of Allah and are not the repetition of the same attribute for the sake of emphasis. Rahmaan: . It conveys the idea of fullness, extensiveness, and spontaneity and indicates the greatest preponderance of Rahmah.

Rahmah associated with Rahmaan comprehends the entire universe without regard to our efforts. The creation of the sun, the moon, the water, and the air etc. all are there because of this attribute. The attribute Rahmaan generally pertains to this life, the creation of universe, sources of sustenance and so on. The attribute Rahmaan is inseparable from the concept of Almighty (see 19:45, 36:11, 50:33).

Rahmeem: conveys the idea of constant repetition and continuous manifestation of Rahmah. Rahmah associated with Rahmeem constitutes the liberal reward to those who seek it, strive for it and deserve it. It is the result of the actions of human beings. The attribute Rahmeem generally pertains to the life to come, comprising Rahmah as a result of our good deeds. The attribute Rahmeem is separable from the concept of Almighty and indicates an aspect of activity.

[2] Hamd = praise = commendation . It embodies the idea of thankfulness and the intrinsic qualities of the object of praise. It implies spontaneity, humility and submissiveness in the reciter. It implies full comprehension of the object of praise by the person who offers it. It implies admiration, magnifying and honouring of the object of praise.

[3] RABB = The Lord = The Owner = The Ruler = The Master = The Grower = The Nourisher = The Sustainer = The Maintainer = The Regulariser = The One who fosters, rears, nourishes and nurtures things in such a manner as to make them attain one stage after another until they reach their goal of completion = = The One who regulates, cherishes, sustains, completes, accomplishes and bring things from their earliest state to that of highest perfection = The One who brings things into existence, frames laws under which He propounds the shape which things must assume and the ratio and proportion in which various ingredients must combine with each other, regularizes different stages through which things have to pass on their way to perfection and completion, and sees to necessary provisions for them in their journey.

[4] MAALIK = The Lord = The Master = The Owner = The Sovereign = The One who possesses the right over things and has power to deal with them as He likes.

[5] YAUM = Day = Time = Thousand years {22:47} = Fifty thousand years {70:4} = Aeon = Day and night =Moment

[6] DEEN =Judgement = Obedience = Submissiveness = Submission = Religion = Government = Power = Authority = Management = Faith = Custom = Condition = Affair = Victory

Sura-1 Benefits

Its a cure for the heart, for all illness. Its the most important Suran in the Quran

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