There are several verses of the Quran [e.g 2:284, 3:129,
5:18, 5:40, 48:14] which are usually interpreted as “Allah
grants Maghfirat Whom
He Wills”. These verses can also be interpreted as, “Allah
grants Maghfirat Whoever
wills to have it”. Either interpretation begs a question. If
“Allah grants Maghfirat Whom
He Wills”, then question is whether Allah selects people
randomly or (dare I say) blindly to grant Maghfirat or
Does He have any criteria for this i.e. Does Allah’s Will
follow any criteria defined, of course, by Allah Himself or
not?. OR if “Allah grantsMaghfirat Whoever
wills to have it”, then question is whether JUST WILLING to
have Maghfirat is
enough or one has to fulfil some criteria? Indeed the study
of the Quran makes very clear that there are certain
criteria according to which Allah grants Maghfirat.
Neither Allah selects people randomly to bestow Maghfarat nor
JUST WILLING (or just saying astaghfiru-Allah)
of a man is enough to have Maghfirat.
People to whom Allah grants Maghfirat
In the following, some of the verses of the Quran are given
which outline the criteria for maghfirat and
give some of the characteristics of those to whom Allah
Those who believe and do deeds of righteousness
5/9 Allah has promised to those
who believe and do deeds of righteousness (that) they
shall have maghfiratand
a mighty reward.
33:35 Verily, for:
men and Muslim women.
- Believing men and believing women.
- Committed men and committed women (committed
to Allah’s Cause).
- Truthful men and truthful women.
- Steadfast men and steadfast women.
- Humble men and humble women.
- Charitable men and charitable women.
- Abstaining men and abstaining women (abstaining
from all vices).
- Chaste men and chaste women.
- Men who remember Allah much and women who remember (Him
(For them) Allah has readied maghfirat (i.e.
the protection of forgiveness) and an Immense Reward.
22/50 Then (as for) those
who believe and do deeds of righteousness; these it
is for whom is maghfarat and
an honourable sustenance.
11/11 … those
who show patience, steadfastness, perseverance and
constancy, and work righteousness; for
them is maghfirat and
a great reward.
34/4 That He may reward those
who believe and do deeds of righteousness; these it is for
whom is maghfiratand
an honourable sustenance.
35/7 For those who reject Allah, (deny His Laws and
Commands, and fall short of following His Commands), is a
terrible Penalty: but for
those who believe and work righteous deeds, is maghfirat,
and a magnificent Reward.
48:29 …. Unto those
who believe and do deeds of righteousness, Allah promises maghfirat and
46/31 O our people! accept the Divine caller and believe
in Him, He will grant you maghfirat and
protect you from a painful punishment.
3:134-136 The candidates to this Paradise keep
their wealth open for mankind in favorable as well as
in adverse circumstances. They divert
and sublimate their anger and potentially virulent
emotions to creative energy, andbecome
a source of tranquility and comfort to people. They pardon
people gracefully. Allah loves the benefactors of
humanity. Such men and women quickly
correct any wrong or indecency that has occurred from
them, they remember Allah, and seek protection for
themselves from trailing behind in dignity. And who can
absolve imperfections but Allah? They refrain
from willfully persisting in error. For
such the reward is maghfirat from
their Lord, and Gardens with rivers flowing underneath,- an
eternal dwelling: How excellent a recompense for
those who work (and strive)!
8:2 The true believers are those who
feel a tremor in their hearts when Allah is mentioned.
And when His Revelations are conveyed to them, they find
their faith strengthened. They do their best and then put
their trust in their Lord. They
help establish the Divine System and keep the provision that
We have given them, open for the good of humanity. Such
are the true believers. They have high ranks with their Lord
them is maghfirat (i.e.
the security of forgiveness) and honorable provision.
Those who love Allah and follow His Messenger [p.b.u.h]
3/31 Say [O
Messenger]: If you
love Allah, then follow
me, Allah will love you and grant
and Allah isGhafoor-ur-Raheem
Those who are Muttaqeen
8/29 O you who believe! If you
guard yourself against the inevitable harmful
consequences of violating Allah’s Laws and Commands by
carefully abiding by His Laws and Commands, He will grant
you a distinction and do away with your evils and grant
and Allah is the Lord of mighty grace.
57:28 O You who have chosen to be graced with belief!Guard
yourself against the inevitable harmful consequences of
violating Allah’s Laws and Commands by carefully abiding by
His Laws and Commands, and
put faith in His Messenger. He will grant you double the
reward of His Grace, here and there, and appoint for you a
light wherein you shall walk, and will grant
For, Allah is Ghafoor-ur-Raheem.
Those who have Khair (i.e.
goodness) in their hearts
8/70 O Prophet! say to those of the captives who are in your
hands: If Allah
knows anything good in your hearts, He will give to you
better than that which has been taken away from you and
and Allah isGhafoor-ur-Raheem
Those who turn to Allah, believe and do good and continue to
follow the right direction
20/82 And most surely I am most Protecting/Forgiving (Ghaffar)
to him who
repents (and turns to me) and believes and does deeds of
righteousness, then continues to follow the right direction.
Those who fear (the inevitable harmful consequences of
violating the Laws and Commands of) their Lord
67/12 (As for) those
who fear (the inevitable harmful consequences of violating
the Laws and Commands of)their Lord, even in privacy
, they shall surely haveMaghfirat and
a great reward.
36:11 You can only warn him who would follow the Admonition,
(the inevitable harmful consequences of violating the Laws
and Commands of) the Most Beneficent, even in
privacy. Unto such give the good news of Maghfirat and
a most honorable reward.
Those who abstain from greater transgressions and from
shameful deeds and stinginess
who abstain from the greater transgressionsthat drain
and debilitate their human potential, and from shameful
deeds and stinginess, except inadvertent mistakes, behold,
your Lord is Immense in granting themmaghfirat.
Those who are of good character
24:26 Evil women keep company with evil men, and evil men
keep company with evil women. Likewise, men
and women of good character are companions to one
another. The latter are innocent of whatever people might
say about them. For them is the maghfirat and
Those who strive hard in Allah’s way, with their lives and
61:11-12 That you put your Faith in Allah and His Messenger
in Allah’s Way with your wealth and person. This is
for your own good, if your knowledge could encompass it. He
will guard you (with maghfirat)
from trailing behind in humanity, and admit you into Gardens
beneath which rivers flow, and into beautiful mansions in
the Gardens of Eden, (Gardens of Eternal Bliss). That is the
8:74 Those who believed and emigrated, and strove
in the Cause of Allah, and those who hosted them and
supported them, are True believers. For them ismaghfarat (i.e.
the protection of forgiveness) and honorable provision.
Those who die in the way of Allah
3/157 And if you
are slain in the way of Allah or you die, certainly maghfarat from
Allah and mercy is better than what they amass.
Those who lend unto Allah a goodly loan
64:17 If you
lend unto Allah a goodly loan, He will multiply it
for you and will grant you the protection of forgiveness.
Allah is Appreciative, Clement
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