Your nervous system is made up of two parts. The core is your central nervous system — your brain and spinal cord. The rest of your nervous system, branching off from your spinal cord to the rest of your body, is your peripheral nervous system.
Part of the peripheral nervous system involves nerves that you consciously control — such as nerves you use to move your voluntary muscles. Part is your autonomous nervous system — the nerves that regulate the part of your nervous system that you can't control, such as your heart rate, blood pressure and digestion.
Damage to your peripheral nerves is called peripheral neuropathy. Autonomic neuropathy is a type of peripheral neuropathy in which the very small nerves are damaged.
A number of conditions can lead to damage of the autonomic nerves. The most common cause is diabetes. About half of the people who have diabetes eventually develop some type of neuropathy.
Other causes may include:
- Alcoholism, a chronic, progressive disease that can lead to nerve damage
- Poor diet White rice, white flour, white sugar no fatty acids in diet.
- Infection from virus, mycoplasma type bacteria.
- Abnormal protein buildup in organs (amyloidosis), which affects the organs and the nervous system
- Autoimmune diseases, in which your immune system attacks and damages parts of your body, including your nerves
- Some tumors, which can press on nerves and cause direct or remote damage (paraneoplastic syndrome)
- Multiple system atrophy, a degenerative disorder that destroys the nervous system
- Surgical or traumatic injury to nerves, injury can be from a car accident.
- Other chronic illnesses such as Parkinson's disease and HIV/AIDS
- Celiac disease more info